What is a Criminal Expungement?
If you were convicted of an infraction, a misdemeanor, or a felony, you can petition for an expungement. An expungement is a dismissal of your conviction. It reopens your criminal case, dismisses and sets aside the conviction, and re-closes the case without a conviction. In effect, you are no longer a convicted person and your record will be changed to reflect that. However, the case itself will still exist, and the expungement will appear on your record. The record will now say “dismissed”, as opposed to “convicted”.
When am I eligible for an expungement?
There are various elements involved in determining whether you are eligible for expungement. Some elements include:
- Probation status
- Payment of court fines, fees, restitutions, or reimbursements
- Conviction status (infraction, misdemeanor, felony)
There are a number of considerations included in the referenced website, three are listed here
- Private employment: Convictions can make it hard to find employment. After an expungement, you do not need to divulge a dismissed or expunged conviction
- Obtaining government employment or a government license: Unlike private employment, when asked if you have ever been convicted, you are legally required to say “YES – CONVICTION DISMISSED”. However, you will be treated as if the conviction was not on your record
Reference: Cleaning Your Record (2020) Retrieved 02/29/2020 from http://www.courts.ca.gov/1070.htm
We recommend that you begin your research with the resources followed by an asterisk.
The Superior Court of California Self-Help*
Website provides a step by step overview and links to forms.
Sacramento County Public Law Library*
The Superior Court of California, County of Riverside Self-Help
Inland Empire Latino Lawyers Association (IELLA)
Law Office of the Public Defender
Title: California Criminal Defense Practice (R) (I)
CallNo: KFC 1155 .C3
Description: Volume 5 of this set contains a chapter on the expungement of criminal and juvenile records including procedural checklists and forms.
Title: California Criminal Practice, Motions, Jury Instructions and Sentencing 3rd ed. (R) (I)
Publisher: Thomson West
CallNo: KFC 1155 .A65R83
Description: Volume 5 of this set contains a chapter on sealing, expungement, and destruction or records including forms such as orders, points and authorities, and notices.
Title: California Criminal Law Procedure and Practice (R) (I) (T)
Publisher: Continuing Education of the Bar (CEB)
CallNo: CEB KFC 1155 .A75C327 2015
Description: This book has a chapter discussing cleansing and sealing of criminal records including the reduction/dismissal of charges, certificate of rehabilitation, pardon and a description of procedures.
Call numbers are for use in RCLL. Initials after title specify which library the item can be located (R) Riverside, (R-d) Riverside reference desk, (I) Indio/Desert Branch, (T) Temecula. ISBN numbers are for use outside of the library, such as for personal purchase.
Penal § 1203.4-1203.41
Please Note: The information presented in this research guide is intended to provide a foundation for legal research. For information pertaining to your case please consult with an attorney, court facilitator, or specialist.
This guide is also available on our website criminal_expungement_20200229.pdf